How to Dispute Items on Your Credit Report

October 13, 2023 | 3 min read

Credit Saint

Written By:

Credit Saint

Ashley Davison

Reviewed By:

Ashley Davison

Your credit report plays a pivotal role in your financial life, influencing your ability to secure loans, obtain favorable interest rates, and achieve your financial goals. However, errors or negative items on your credit report can be a roadblock to your financial success. In this comprehensive guide, we will walk you through the steps to effectively dispute negative items on your credit report. By understanding the process, knowing your rights, and leveraging valuable strategies, you can take control of your credit and work towards a healthier financial future.

What are Negative Items on Your Credit Report?

Before diving into the dispute process, it’s essential to grasp what negative items on your credit report are. These items can include late payments, charge-offs, collections, bankruptcies, tax liens, and more. Negative items can significantly impact your credit score and your ability to access credit on favorable terms.

Why Dispute Negative Items?

Disputing negative items is crucial because inaccuracies or errors on your credit report can unfairly lower your credit score. 26% of consumers have potentially harmful errors on their credit reports, according to a study from the Federal Trade Commission. That’s roughly 1 in 4 people who might be paying higher interest rates or facing loan rejections due to mistakes they didn’t make.

A higher credit score can lead to better loan approvals and lower interest rates. Individuals with low credit scores (below 600) often end up paying interest rates 2-4% higher than those with scores above 700. Over a 30-year mortgage, this difference can amount to tens of thousands of dollars.

How to Dispute Negative Items on Your Credit Report

Removing negative items can enhance your financial credibility and open doors to various financial opportunities. Below is the step-by-step process of disputing negative items:

Step 1: Obtain Copies of Your Credit Reports

Before you can dispute any negative items, you need to obtain copies of your credit reports from the three major credit bureaus: Equifax, Experian, and TransUnion. You are entitled to one free credit report from each bureau every week, which you can request from

Step 2: Review Your Credit Reports

Carefully review your credit reports to identify any errors, inaccuracies, or negative items that you believe should be disputed. Pay close attention to account details, payment history, balances, and personal information.

Step 3: Identify Inaccuracies

Make a list of the negative items you wish to dispute, focusing on inaccuracies, errors, or items that are beyond the statute of limitations (typically seven years for most negative items). Highlight any discrepancies between your records and the information on your credit report.

Step 4: Draft a Dispute Letter

Write a formal dispute letter to the credit bureau(s) reporting the negative item. In the letter, clearly state the reason for your dispute and provide any supporting documentation or evidence. Be concise and professional in your communication. Avoid emotional language, and stick to the facts.

Step 5: Send Your Dispute Letter

Mail your dispute letter to the appropriate credit bureau(s) via certified mail with a return receipt requested. This will provide proof of delivery and ensure that your dispute is processed. Keep copies of all correspondence for your records.

Step 6: Credit Bureau Investigation

Once the credit bureau receives your dispute letter, they are legally obligated to investigate the item in question. The credit bureau will contact the creditor or entity reporting the negative item and request verification of the information.

Step 7: Review the Results

After the investigation is complete, the credit bureau will provide you with the results of your dispute in writing. If the negative item is removed or corrected, it will be reflected in your updated credit report.

Step 8: Continue Monitoring Your Credit

Regularly monitor your credit reports to ensure that the disputed negative item has been appropriately resolved. It’s important to stay vigilant and verify that any inaccuracies have been rectified.

Bottom Line

Disputing negative items on your credit report is a valuable tool for maintaining accurate and fair credit information. By following these steps and persistently pursuing inaccuracies, you can improve your credit score, enhance your financial credibility, and pave the way for better financial opportunities.

If you find the process challenging or require professional assistance, reputable credit repair companies like Credit Saint can guide you through the dispute process, helping you achieve your financial goals and regain control of your credit. Remember that with determination and the right strategies, you can overcome the challenges of debt in collections and regain control of your finances.

Ashley Davison

Reviewed By:

Ashley Davison


Ashley is currently the Chief Compliance Officer for Credit Saint, previously the Chief Operating Officer. Ashley got into the Financial world by working as a Logistics Coordinator at Ernst & Young. Coming from a previous career in education, she is eager to teach the world everything she knows and learn everything that she doesn’t! Ashley is a FICO® certified professional, a Board Certified Credit Consultant, a Certified Credit Score Consultant with the Credit Consultants Association of America, UDAAP certified, and holds a Fair Credit Reporting Act (FCRA) Compliance Certificate.